A news headline from ten years ago, September 2011:
Chavez Turns to Shamans to Fight Cancer.
Another headline, from a February 2013 article:
Can Santeria Cure Hugo Chávez?
…[They] visit astrologists. They visit old women in Siberia, chiromancers and all the other sorts. We understand they are crazy about occultism and we see what kind of [Eastern] Orthodoxy they profess – something close to shamanism.
…astrologers and shamans are officially employed by the Kremlin. Putin is fixated on occultism and wears a red thread on his wrist…
In defense of Chávez, one could argue that shamanism is still part of the indigenous way of life in Venezuela. The dictator was, in a sense, going back to his roots, not merely trying out exotic treatments. All right, but Santería is still an import.